Choosing the Right Directory: Where to Install Minecraft Servers on Linux
12th September 2022
If you're a Linux user and an avid Minecraft player, setting up a Minecraft server on your Linux machine can provide an immersive multiplayer experience for you and your friends. However, when it comes to installing Minecraft servers on Linux, one important consideration is selecting the right directory for installation. In this article, we will explore the factors to consider and guide you in choosing the appropriate directory to install your Minecraft server on Linux.
Understand Linux File System Hierarchy:
Linux follows a hierarchical file system structure known as the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS). This standard defines the organization and arrangement of files and directories on a Linux system. Familiarizing yourself with the FHS will help you make an informed decision about where to install your Minecraft server.
For system-wide installations, where the Minecraft server is accessible to all users on the Linux machine, you can consider the following directories:
a. /opt: The /opt directory is typically used for optional or add-on software. It provides a dedicated location for installing third-party applications, including Minecraft servers. You can create a subdirectory within /opt, such as /opt/minecraft-server, to house your Minecraft server files.
b. /usr/local: The /usr/local directory is commonly used for locally installed software. It is similar to /opt in its purpose. You can create a subdirectory within /usr/local, such as /usr/local/minecraft-server, for your Minecraft server installation.
c. /srv: The /srv directory is intended for site-specific data or files served by the system. It can be a suitable location to install your Minecraft server files, particularly if you plan to host the server for others to access.
If you prefer to install the Minecraft server only for a specific user on the Linux machine, you can consider the following directories:
a. /home/<username>: Each user on a Linux machine has a home directory, typically located at /home/<username>. You can create a subdirectory within the user's home directory, such as /home/<username>/minecraft-server, to install the Minecraft server specifically for that user.
b. /opt: As mentioned earlier, the /opt directory can also be used for user-specific installations. Create a subdirectory within /opt, such as /opt/<username>/minecraft-server, to install the Minecraft server for a specific user.
Permissions and Ownership:
When choosing the installation directory, consider the permissions and ownership of the directory and its subdirectories. Ensure that the user running the Minecraft server has appropriate read, write, and execute permissions on the selected directory. It is generally recommended to avoid using system directories that require elevated privileges for installation.
Backups and Data Persistence:
Regardless of the installation directory you choose, it's essential to regularly back up your Minecraft server data to prevent data loss. Set up a backup strategy that includes backing up important server files and configurations. Additionally, consider implementing a data persistence plan, such as using external storage devices or cloud services, to ensure the longevity and availability of your server data.
Consider Server Management Tools:
While choosing the installation directory is important, it's worth considering server management tools that can simplify the installation and administration process. Tools like systemd or screen can help you manage the server process, handle automatic startup and shutdown, and provide an efficient way to monitor and control the server.